The world of cannabis keeps skyrocketing every other day. Among the immediate factors prompting the same is Cannabidiol (CBD), a chemical compound produced by the cannabis plant.
Scientists and researchers have over the recent past sought ways into which they can modify CBD into easily usable forms.
For instance, there is CBD oil, tinctures, topicals, edibles, and extracts in the markets today.
In this ultimate write-up, we are going to debunk all the details surrounding the former – CBD oil.
What is CBD oil?
As a beginner, you are most undoubtedly ignorant about the product in question. Well, CBD oil is a form of natural oil extracted from specific parts of the cannabis hemp plant. Such components include the leaves, flowers, and stalks.
How to extract CBD oil
As read above, CBD oil gets extracted from different parts of cannabis. How does such get done? Well, there is a plentitude of methods.
They include using Carbon dioxide as a solvent, using hydrocarbons, and ethanol. All of these methods have their merits and demerits.
In essence, it’s relatively hard to conclude that one of the methods is better. Under most circumstances, the user preference plays the most primal part.
Before opting for any of the methods, it’s worth it to ask oneself…
- What way most suits my financial capability and time?
- How safe is it to use any of these?
Determining the way that works better than the others for you incorporates analyzing the pros and cons.
1. Using CO2 extraction
This method typically involves using pressurized carbon dioxide to absorb the cannabinoids of the cannabis plant (phytocannabinoids).
The method gets broken further into supercritical and subcritical. Most commercial CBD oil manufacturers use the former.
The supercritical method works by cooling carbon dioxide to -56°C. The C02 then gets pressured to 75 pounds per square inch.
On the flip side, the subcritical method involves the usage of lesser pressure. Unlike the supercritical process that makes the CO2 to behave like a liquid and a gas at a go, its subcritical counterpart makes CO2 act more of a gas than a liquid.
That said, the latter takes relatively longer to exhibit results and is viable for smaller CBD oil volumes. Either way, the extracted oil is free from chlorophyll and any other unneeded plant matter.
- No residuals remain in the oil
- All terpenes get maintained
- The method is expensive
- Complexity in learning the usage of the equipment.
2. Ethanol extraction
Ethanol extraction is an effective method, and some manufacturers swear by it. When used, it maintains every other component in the phytocannabinoids like the terpenes.
What happens in this method is that ethanol gets added to the dried cannabis plant matter. The mixture gets heated, whereby heat gets applied for evaporating all the liquid.
The residue obtained is thus the CBD oil.
- The method is affordable
- Prompt extraction
- Oil can get contaminated with chlorophyll
- The technique is easily flammable.
3. Using hydrocarbons
This is by far the cheapest method used in extracting CBD oil. Under most circumstances, the manufacturers use olive oil to necessitate the process.
Decarboxylation triggers the extraction of CBD oil using hydrocarbons. That can easily be achieved by heating the plant matter at 140°C for 30 minutes or even within an hour at 120°C.
The decarboxylated product can then get placed in the oil and heated at 100°C within an hour or two. The obtained product after the time lapses is CBD oil.
- Highly potent CBD oil gets obtained
- Equipment used is inexpensive.
- Difficult in equipment automation
- Time-consuming and expensive as residual testing ought to get done.
Types of CBD oil
After extracting CBD oil, it gets further broken into different forms. Such include:
1. CBD isolate
CBD isolate is CBD oil in its purest form. This typically means that it lacks any other phytocannabinoids (chemical compounds of the cannabis plant).
It’s colorless and odorless, which translates to lack the presence of the benefits granted by cannabis terpenes.
One can consume CBD isolate directly beneath the tongue on the sublingual gland, or use it in the preparation of edibles, extracts, and beverages.
2. Full-spectrum CBD oil
Full-spectrum CBD oil refers to the oil that harbors all the phytocannabinoids present in cannabis and their terpene counterparts.
3. Broad-spectrum CBD oil
Broad-spectrum CBD oil is somewhat similar to full-spectrum. It contains all the terpenes and phytocannabinoids minus THC.
Hemp oil vs. CBD oil
As mentioned previously, CBD oil gets extracted from the leaves, flowers, and stalks of the cannabis plant.
Hemp oil, on the converse, gets extracted from the seeds of the same plant. It lacks any traces of phytocannabinoids like THC and CBD.
Does CBD oil get one high?
It is a rampant query among many beginner CBD oil users. Now that the THC levels in hemp plants are capped at 0.3%, this is trace amounts that can’t get the user high.
CBD oil can help in alleviating the psychotropic effects associated with taking THC-rich cannabis derivatives.
How to take CBD oil
Some of the most commonly used methods of introducing CBD oil into the body include:
- Placing it beneath the tongue, on the sublingual gland utilizing a dropper or a finger.
- Applying it topically on the affected part of the skin
- Infusing it in drinks and edibles
- Vaping it as an e-liquid.
Benefits of CBD oil
Due to millions of testimonials on the internet that CBD oil has a plentitude of health merits, many medical centers have gone the extra mile to research about these claims and the relevant application of the same cannabis derivative.
One of such pharmaceutical companies is GW Pharmaceutical. They currently use Cannabidiol in their drug – Epidiolex, in the quest to treat two rare forms of epilepsy.
Other pieces of research show that CBD oil is indeed functional when it comes to improving pain points like:
How to dose CBD oil
The right dosage when it comes to the consumption of CBD oil depends heavily on factors like:
- Your age
- The pain point to alleviate
- The amount of CBD in that oil.
That said, it is relatively hard to give a standard dosage as patients have varied health problems, weights, and ages.
Side effects of CBD oil
As a natural product, different people react differently to CBD oil, especially when they are beginners.
It’s all dependent on one’s bodily functions, and their intended purpose for using CBD oil. Let’s take an example whereby one wants to curb insomnia…
When they take CBD oil during the day, the chances are that they’ll end up feeling sleepy. In real sense, when the oil brings about sleepiness, one can easily mistake that for being a side effect.
In the long run, it is worth mentioning that the World Health Organization reports that CBD oil is a safe product, and doesn’t cause addiction.