The Centre for Medical Cannabis projects the UK CBD market to hit £1 billion by 2025. These stats seem promising owing to the fact that there is a surge in those who consume CBD UK.
CBD, a buzz abbreviation for Cannabidiol is a derivative of the cannabis plant species. Cannabis species in this context refer to marijuana and hemp plant. Nonetheless, unlike THC – the cannabis cannabinoid that gets the user high.
The legality of CBD UK
As mentioned above, CBD comes from both hemp and marijuana. As such, there tends to be confusion about the legality of the sources of CBD oil UK.
CBD is legal in the UK, yes, but it has to come from hemp (industrial hemp). As of the moment, Cannabidiol extracted from hemp is not a controlled product, especially when it gets isolated in the UK and across most countries of the European Union.
Now that hemp doesn’t contain CBD only as the primal cannabinoid, the presence of CBN and THC may make it illegal. This is to say that CBD from hemp has to be free from CBN and THC (or contain non-detectable amounts of the controlled substances).
In fact, THC and CBD get listed as controlled substances under the UK’s Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.
1. Technically, full-spectrum CBD is illegal.
Some countries in the United Kingdom have stringent, while others have less strict laws about the legality of full-spectrum CBD products.
For example, legal CBD products in Switzerland can harbor up to 1% THC. In the countries that are members of the European Nations, legal CBD is that which harbors THC amounts of up to 0.2%.
Simply put, the legality of full-spectrum CBD UK is dependent on the laws of every specific country. The recommended THC limit detection should be 0.01%.
2. Selling CBD
To sell CBD in the UK or among the EU members, it is dependent on the individual countries’ laws, and depending on the category of each product.
For example, selling CBD cosmetics requires one to have the Cosmetic Product Safety Report. On the other hand, you should have the General Products Safety Directive if you deal with CBD vape products.
Selling CBD buds and flowers are prohibited in the UK. This is regardless of whether the CBD harbors 0% THC or coming from an EU country. If you, nonetheless, see CBD buds or flowers getting sold in the UK, it is a result of soft stance by some authorities.
This explains why there is a surge in the selling and buying of CBD flowers and buds, but the situation will undoubtedly change if all authority ropes get tightened.
The only non-regulated parts of the hemp plant are the seeds, stalks, and stalk fibers. The buds and flowers get considered as cannabis plant matter, and are, therefore, a class B drug.
CBD food products and supplements require a Novel Food application if at all sales are to get considered.
Under the Novel Food Act, this EU full regulation body for the consumption of new foods in the UK oversights the use of CBD oil as a food supplement.
As of March 31st, 2021, Novel Foods will oversee the approval process before sale to ensure that ingestible CBD gets fully regulated.
Lastly, on selling CBD in the UK, you don’t have to apply for a hemp license if your CBD products have undetected THC levels.
3. Importing CBD
No strict regulations are surrounding the importation of CBD products provided there is no THC detected at the border.
CBD product labels should disclose the CBD content, the used ingredients, manufacturer details, and should not make any medical claims.
5. Growing CBD plants
Hemp shouldn’t get grown for extracting CBD in the UK. Hemp, being of the cannabis family, prompts the farmer to apply for a permit to get allowed to grow it.
That said, you can only be permitted to grow the plant for its plentitude of industrial uses and not extracting CBD.
While it is understandable that most CBD manufacturers claim to sell CBD that contains a maximum of 0.2% THC, the case lies entirely on the context in which this percentage is applicable.
The 0.2% THC limit applies to farmers who grow hemp under the government license for industrial uses, and not CBD manufacturers.
It is a paradox that CBD mostly comes from hemp buds and flowers, but the law takes none of it, at least yet.
With those factors in mind, you can import processed CBD to manufacture CBD products for sale. That is the current situation, but it is bound to change across more countries, thanks to the step taken by Jersey.
Note that hemp flowers and buds ought to get destroyed on the harvest of the industrial plant matter like stalks, seeds, and stalk fiber.
6. CBD oil legality the UK
Most CBD oil products are a food supplement. To get considered as legal, the products shouldn’t make any medical claims (they shouldn’t claim to diagnose, prevent, or treat any ailment).
Nonetheless, under the UK medical cannabis programme, the private prescription of medical CBD products are available from the doctors under the same programme. The costs may be expensive, though.
These types of CBD oils get thoroughly tested and can legally contain skyrocketed amounts of THC and CBN.
However, in overall, CBD oil UK, unlike medical cannabis, tends to be unregulated and can fail to contain the ingredients mentioned.
In fact, according to a June 2019 study conducted by the UK Centre of Medical Cannabis, more than 38% of CBD oils UK on sale harbor less than 50% of the CBD they purport to have.
The BBC published a somewhat similar report in late 2019, too. Necessarily, this calls for the considerate due diligence among CBD oil users UK.
Among the users that can get taken into account as one purchases CBD oil is ensuring that a CBD oil brand UK uses 3rd party lab tests.
A legitimate CBD brand should closely work with a 3rd party laboratory to ensure that they are getting authentic products, anyway.
7. Travelling with CBD oil legality
When you board a plane within the European Union, the legality about taking some CBD oil is less stringent. You only need to ensure that it has lesser than 0.2% THC.
With the tighter UK regulations, it would work the best for you if the CBD oil has no THC or CBN. Necessarily, it would be essential to ensure that your destination legalizes the consumption of CBD oil and also ensure that the phytocannabinoid amounts are well-captured to prevent yourself from colliding with law enforcers.
What CBD products are available in the UK?
Before looking at the different CBD products available in the UK CBD markets, it would help big time if we took a glance at the varieties of CBD today.
- Full-spectrum CBD
- Broad-spectrum CBD
- CBD isolate.
By definition, full-spectrum CBD products harbor all the phytocannabinoids of cannabis. This is to say that you can expect to find some traces of THC (0.01%), terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabis cannabinoids in full-spectrum CBD products UK.
Broad-spectrum CBD typically refers to CBD that contains all the cannabinoids of cannabis but lacks any traces of THC.
Lastly, on the types of CBD, CBD isolate refers to CBD products that contain pure CBD only (preferably 99% CBD or even more).
With those points in mind, it gets easy to understand those different CBD products may exist as full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or as CBD-isolate.
It is, nonetheless, worth mentioning that none of these products is better than the other and that the user tastes and preferences play a critical role in making them make the best decision.
Some of the CBD products you may expect to buy in UK comprise:
Ways to take CBD products UK
There are a myriad of ways to introduce CBD into your body. Majorly, those ways are categorized into oral, topical, and sublingual consumption of CBD.
What does CBD do?
While some CBD users can still face stigma today due to misinformation that CBD and THC vary, it shouldn’t be the case with you after knowing from this write-up that CBD doesn’t cause the psychoactive high.
You can happily use CBD to address pain, depression, anxiety, stress, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s Disease, arthritis, and skin problems.
CBD oil is also approved in the USA for treating two types of epileptic conditions, thanks to CBD’s anti-epileptic effects. Those conditions are Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet Syndromes.
However, the fact that CBD products get categorized as food supplements means that we cannot make any medical claim and say that CBD can treat any of the previously mentioned conditions.
What is the best CBD dosage for me?
Taking CBD is not a one-size-fits-all. Importantly, start with a low dosage and keep on upping the amounts as you try to feel the dosage that tends to address your pain point.
Also, should you feel any side effects with taking CBD, you may be sure to halt the dosage and get in touch with a medical doctor for pieces of advice. That could also be the case before you decide to take CBD, especially if you have underlying health problems.
As I wind up, is CBD oil legal in UK? Undeniably, Yes. Nonetheless, it should meet the legality standards mentioned above.