You may undoubtedly have heard that CBD and THC are cannabinoids of the cannabis plant. However, have you ever asked yourself what cannabinoids are?

Well, cannabinoids are chemical compounds. Provided these compounds can interact with the cannabinoid receptors of the body’s endocannabinoid system, they qualify to be referred to that name.

For the case of Cannabidiol (CBD) and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), these derivatives of the cannabis plant bind well with the cannabinoid receptors of the body. That being said, they are listed as cannabinoids.

Types of cannabinoids

Mammals and some plant species produce cannabinoids. Some variants comprise:

  • Phytocannabinoids
  • Endocannabinoids
  • Synthetic cannabinoids.

Let’s have a glance at each of these…


These are abundantly present in the Cannabis Sativa plants. Under most circumstances, they exhibit 21 carbon atoms. As at the moment, there are 104 known phytocannabinoids of the cannabis plants.

The most common consist of ∆9-THCA, CBDA, CBGA, and CBCA. It is, however, worth mentioning that they are mostly written as THC, CBD, CBG, and CBC.

That’s simply because the carbon dioxide is mostly unstable rendering it neutral when it gets hot or lit.

As at this point, it is easier to comprehend that during the decarboxylation process, there is neutralization in the heated parts of the cannabis plant to give pure THC, CBD, CBG, and CBC.

Phytocannabinoids are mostly stored in the trichomes of the cannabis plant. Trichomes are responsible for giving the species of cannabis their tastes and flavor. For instance, some may have piney, earthy, or candy flavors.

Mostly abundant in the female cannabis flowers, it is in these parts where the farmer can get the most phytocannabinoids.

When you hear about phytocannabinoid hemp extract in the phytocannabinoid context, the term typically refers to the extraction of phytocannabinoids from hemp plant matter.


Endocannabinoids are the primal organs that hold cannabinoid receptors in place. Such receptors are CB1 and CB2.

CB1 receptors are chiefly located along with the central nervous system while CB2 receptors are present along with the immune system.

When a mammal consumes THC, it mainly interacts with the CB1 receptors and gives psychoactive feelings. Conversely, CB2 receptors harbor immunomodulatory properties hence offer therapeutic merits while making the user sober. 

Each mammal has the endocannabinoid system. They produce cannabinoids, which in this case refers to the endocannabinoids.

Now, the endocannabinoid system of the mammalian bodies comes as a result of the cannabinoid receptors and endocannabinoids.

The system I responsible for activities like controlling the releasing of neurotransmitters, how the body perceives pain, and cardiovascular functions.

The body has two different endocannabinoids, all of which have distinct functions. They include Anandamide (ANA), and 2-AG (2-arachidonoylethanolamine).

Synthetic cannabinoids

Some call synthetic cannabinoids artificial. Scientists create them in laboratories. Some of these get infused in medicine to prevent pain points like nausea and vomiting.

As at this moment, there are no plethora of researches denoting much about synthetic cannabinoids.

Closing thoughts on cannabinoids

The confusion about what exactly cannabinoids are should have come to end as for now. In case of any query, you may simply comment below and use your most favorite social media platform to share the content.

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8 thoughts on “WHAT ARE CANNABINOIDS?”

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